Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Shaliach Shaul's Letter to the Congregation in Rome אגרת פולוס השליח אל-הרומיים



Beginning on Shabbat Shuvah morning Oct. 8th @ 9:00 a.m. we will begin a new Sefer of the Brit Chadasha study for Adults.  The Book of Romans from a Messianic Jewish Perspective.  We will us the Commentary on the Jewish Roots of Romans by Joseph Shulam available on Amazon.  Also, you can register for an email update on the weekly study questions on our website at: http://tikvatcleveland.org/our-community  click on “ADULT BIBLE STUDY” enter your email to register.  Class is free and open to all coffee is served.  Let’s study together!


Acts 27 מעשי השליחים

מעשי השליחים
Acts 27

1. Who was Julius, and what do we know about him?

2. Who was Aristarchus, and where have we seen him before?

3. Why did the group stop in Sidon, why is this significant, and why did Julius allow Paul to go to his friends, what does this imply?

4. Describe the conditions after the departure from Sidon, why was it ideal to set down in Myra, and how was Paul connected to that city before?

5. What do we know about the type of ship Julius found, likely what commodity was it carrying and how was that significant in the ancient middle-east?

6. What does sailing for a “number of days” indicate, how long to scholars think this journey to Cnidus took and why?

7. What “fast” is this passage talking about, what time of year would this be referring to?

8. Why did Paul make such a stern warning, what personal experience of his made him qualified to warn as he did, (cite your source); and was Paul successful in convincing the crew, why or why not?

9. Explain what peril the ship and crew experienced, and how did they avoid “Syrtis”, and what was Syrtis known for?

10. What was the “cargo” that was thrown overboard and what multiple reasons were there for doing this; and what challenges were there for such an undertaking?

11. What is significant about Paul’s “I told you so…” message; and how is Paul like Jonah, and how is Paul “not like Jonah”?

12. Bonus: “How is the theme of Jonah connected to this narrative in ch. 27 regarding the time of year these events are happening”?

13. Why did the crew long for daylight to come, and how was this chapter similar to the story of Homer’s Odyssey?

14. Why did Paul warn against the secret escape by some of the sailors, why did he also encourage them to now eat after 14 days, what is significant of the “breaking of the bread” and why is it also very significant that the number of persons was mentioned?

15. Why did the soldiers want to kill the prisoners, and why did Julius ultimately decide against this, what was his motivation for this?

Thursday, September 15, 2016

The Trump Video Every Jew Must Watch


I'm exercising my 1st amendment right to "free speech"...  Here you go fellow Jews...

For the record, as the rabbi, "I'm not endorsing any particular candidate"... just an interesting video...

:)

Enjoy...

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Acts 26 מעשי השליחים

מעשי השליחים
Acts 26
Defense Before King Agrippa

1. What is the meaning of Shaul “stretching out his hand”; what does it mean and why was it worth mentioning?

2. Was it good in Paul’s view to now be testifying before Agrippa, if so, why?

3. What witnesses does Paul now provide for in his own defense; and what character references does he provide?  Does he cites his deeds or his beliefs more than the other, and how does this set a precedent for us today?

4. How exactly does Paul define the accusations against himself, what does he think he’s being accused of; and what is the implication he is making in mentioning the “twelve tribes”, how is this significant?

5. How does Paul portray himself in the narrative, what is his purpose; and what does it mean when it says that he “caused them to blaspheme”; what did he actually do?

6. What is the meaning of “kicking against the goads”; and what other Scriptures do we see this application, and how is this Jewish?

7. What purposes was Yeshua revealing Himself to Paul and how was this a Prophetic calling?

8. Why does Paul indicate that through him Gentiles are called to open their eyes and come out of “darkness into light”, what references are there concerning this in Tanakh (Old Testament)?

9. How does Paul’s testimony of what Yeshua told him regarding the salvation of the Gentiles have something also to do with Israel’s spiritual restoration coupled with their return to the Land out of exile?

10. Why was Paul originally arrested, did he defile the Temple, what does he say about it here as to the real reason he was seized?

11. What is the implication of Festus’ interruption and how does his own cultural background lead him to this exclamation?

13. Was Paul trying to convert Agrippa from being a Jew into now a “Christian”; how should the text be understood in light of the original translation?

14. In light of the whole chapter, was Festus successful in his own adjudication of Paul’s case and was Agrippa helpful to him; why or why not?

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

Acts 25 מעשי השליחים The Appeal to Caesar!

מעשי השליחים
Acts 25

1. Who was Festus, what do we know about him; and why did he go to Jerusalem so quickly?

2. Who were these ruling kohanim, and leading Judeans, are these the same guys from ch. 24?

3. Festus apparently did not want to bring Shaul up to Jerusalem to be tried, instead he proposed to take the accusers with him back to Caesarea, why was this problematic for the accusers?

4. What is significant of the “judgment seat” mentioned herein vs. 6, how is this term borrowed from Jewish and rabbinic writings.  Also, what was once again the plaintiff’s problem with their case similar to ch. 24?

5. What did Festus propose to Shaul, why did he propose it, and why did Shaul refuse his proposal decisively?

6. Who was Agrippa and Bernice and what do we know about them?

7. What was the purpose of Festus putting Shaul’s case before Agrippa, and how was his presence a benefit for Festus?

8. How was the way this case with Festus handled differently than the way it was handled before Felix?

9. How is Agrippa’s interest in hearing Shaul’s case for himself reminiscent of the case against Yeshua the Messiah?

10. What was Festus’s apparent real reason for bringing Shaul before Agrippa (and Bernice); and how was Festus’s own competence and career on the line in this matter?

Wednesday, August 31, 2016

Acts 24 מעשי השליחים


מעשי השליחים

1.   What is “odd” about the high priest of Israel hiring an attorney to argue this entire case on the Sanhedrin’s behalf, and what is most significant about how this case is being handled by the Judean leaders?




2.   What does Jewish tradition say about “informers” and how does it apply to this case against Shaul?




3.   The proceeding now formally opens where Shaul stands accused in front of a Roman governor, Felix; explain the significance of the attorney’s  opening speech and why it was done in that manner?




4.   What is the official accusation/charge against Shaul?




5.   What is the meaning of the title: Natzratim; and how is the mention of it here in the Bible significant?




6.   What is the definition of the word “ringleader” here and why is this title significant?




7.   What was the “proof” that Tertullus now gives as evidence of the accusation against Shaul?




8.   Did Shaul have the opportunity to obtain his own legal counsel, and if so, why did he not have one?




9.   Why was it significant for Shaul to point out that he was only in Jerusalem for 12 days before this whole event went down?  How would this help his defense?


 

10.                  How does Shaul challenge the Prosecutor’s “proof” of the charges laid against him?




11.                  Rather than concerned about his own defense, what does Shaul seem to attempt to clear up in his refutation of the charges?




12.                  Shaul now adds to his refute, his motives for appearing in Jerusalem, what are they and how do they add to his defense?




13.                  How is the absence of the “Asian Jews” significant in the outcome of this case before Felix?


 

14.                  What was the reason for Felix to adjourn the hearing at this time?  Why could he not make a ruling at this time?




15.                  What were the conditions in which Shaul now had regular access to Felix and later his wife, how did this contribute towards Felix becoming afraid when the topics discussed became personal?




 

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Acts 23 מעשי השליחים


מעשי השליחים

Acts 23 


1.   Who was Ananias, and why did he order Shaul struck in the mouth?


 

2.    Why did Shaul object to the blow; and why did Shaul now apologize for his response and words to the Kohen Gadol?


 

3.   What were the main differences between the Pharisees and the Sadducees and how did Shaul exploit them to his own agenda and benefit?




4.   Now we learn of a new plot to murder Shaul, who formed the plot, how many were there, and what did they vow to do or not to do?




5.   Who now intercepts the plot, how is his identity significant; and what does he do to save Shaul?


 



6.   Why did the commander now make orders to move Shaul to Caesarea for Felix at “night”, with 200 soldiers?


 

7.   Why did the commander now write a letter to Felix and require his accusers to testify before Felix, and why did the commander not accompany Shaul himself?




8.   Why did the soldiers escorting Shaul stop at Adipatris? And what technical difficulty did Shaul’s native province of Cilicia pose to Felix and did he seem to want to try this case in the first place?