Wednesday, January 25, 2017

Romans 15 אגרת פולוס השליח אל-הרומיים



1. What does Paul mean when he says, “be like-minded” does that mean we have to agree on everything? If not, what does this really mean?

2. Describe “HOW” Messiah included the non-Jew into this covenant, what does Paul say to describe it here in Romans, and what other writings does he speak of the inclusion of non-Jews and “HOW” Messiah brought them in with Jewish believers?

3. Describe and explain the “priestly role” and authority, that Paul writes about himself; how does he see himself in this role and what does his priestly offerings consist of?

4. Describe the methods Paul uses to “bring about the obedience of the Gentiles” what are the characteristics of his ministry and what is his primary goal?

5. Why does Paul say he’s trying to get to Jerusalem, what is his purpose and how does this set a precedent for all “Congregations” in the Diaspora even to this present day?  Has the modern Church over its long history, followed Paul’s example in your assessment?

6. What exactly is the “collection” for and who is the collection that Paul is bringing to Jerusalem and why?


Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Romans 14 אגרת פולוס השליח אל-הרומיים

Romans 14 Tree of Life Version (TLV)
Unity in Community

1. What exactly is meant by “one who is weak in faith”, and how does this differ from those with “strong faith”?

2. What does vegetarianism and carnivores have to do with the issue of those whose faith is weak?  What is the rule that Paul introduces to Messianic believers regarding this issue?

3. Paul transitions into the illustration of “days” and distinguishing those who esteem certain days from others who judge every day alike.  What is he talking about here?  Is it strictly about “Sabbath” or could he be referencing other practices, what is said about this elsewhere in the Brit Chadasha?

4. What by “living” and “dying” for the Lord?  And what is meant by saying “none of us lives for himself”, and none of us dies for himself”?  Explain the meaning and give Scriptural and extra-biblical support for your answer…

5. Paul here tells us in vs. 10-12 not to judge our brother, yet in 1 Corinthians 6:3, he seems to tell us that we should judge because we will one day judge angels!  How do you justify this contradiction?  Explain…

6. Paul says that nothing is “unholy” in vs. 14.  Does that mean that the laws of kashrut are now nullified?  Explain how it is possible for God to sanctify something that is “unclean”?

7. Paul presents a difficult word in vs. 22, what does he mean by keeping your faith to yourself before God?  Does this mean we are not to share our faith?  Explain…

8. How is doubting self-condemning regarding eating and faith? Explain…


Thursday, January 12, 2017

Romans 13 אגרת פולוס השליח אל-הרומיים


1. How is submission to authority both a Jewish core value in the 1st century, and how is this supported by the Tanakh (Old Testament)?  Give citations…

2. How does Paul describe those who resist authority and describe Shulam’s comments on “temporary submission”?

3. What does it mean to “carry or bear the sword”, give other examples from the Brit Chadasha (New Covenant)?...

4. What does Paul mean by “conscience” here in vs. 5, how is this a reason for submitting to authority, and where else does the Brit Chadasha bring up this topic of conscience?

5. Explain how the custom of collecting taxes were performed in Biblical times, what does the Brit Chadasha say about it, and feel free to cite other extra-biblical sources as well…

6. How does a person completely fulfill the Torah, what did the Messiah say about this and how is the Golden Rule also taught within Rabbinic Judaism?

7. What is the “armor of light” where else is this described in Scripture?


Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Romans 12 אגרת פולוס השליח אל-הרומיים

1.  What is the definition of λογικός logikós, and how does Paul use this word inverse one?

2. How does one begin to "renew ones mind", according to Paul?

3.  What character trait does Paul now instruct his readers to develop using his apostolic authority, and what extra-biblical texts can we use to support this same character trait?

4.  Describe Paul's analogy of the "body", and what scripture specifically from the old testament can be used as proof text to support his midrashic interpretation?

5. What is the difference between teaching and exhortation?

6.  What does Paul mean when he says love without hypocrisy?

7. What mitzvah of the Torah does Paul refer to in verse 10, by saying outdo one another in giving honor?

8. Explain all the characteristics listed in versus 12 and 13 and how they are all related to each other.

9. Explain verse 15 how rejoicing and weeping are appropriate at certain times, and how is this a Jewish trait?

10. Paul teaches his readers to "be at peace with all men", how is this a Jewish quarter value?

11. Heaping coals of fire upon your enemies head, where have we heard this before in scripture?